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Supporting Prospective Pregnancy Trials via Modeling and Simulation: Lessons From the Past and Recommendations for the Future.

Despite the increasing awareness and guidance to support drug research and development in the pregnant population, there is still a high unmet medical need and off-label use in the pregnant population for mainstream, acute, chronic, rare disease, and vaccination/prophylactic use. There are many obstacles to enrolling the pregnant population in a study, ranging from ethical considerations, the complexity of the pregnancy stages, postpartum, fetus-mother interaction, and drug transfer to breast milk during lactation and impacts on neonates.

This review will outline the common challenges of incorporating physiological differences in the pregnant population and historical but noninformative practice in a past clinical trial in pregnant women that led to labelling difficulties. The recommendations of different modelling approaches, such as a population pharmacokinetic model, physiologically based pharmacokinetic modelling, model-based meta-analysis, and quantitative system pharmacology modelling, are presented with some examples.

The gaps in the medical need for the pregnant population are outlined by classifying various types of diseases and some considerations that exist to support the use of medicines in this area. Ideas on the potential framework to support clinical trials and collaboration examples are also presented that could also accelerate understanding of drug research and medicine/prophylactics/vaccines in the pregnant population.

You can find the full text for the publication below.

Cheung SYA, Barrett JS

J Clin Pharmacol. 2023 Jun;63 Suppl 1:S51-S61

doi: 10.1002/jcph.2284

PMID: 37317497

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